Cancer and Risk Factors

It is very important and urgent that the people know and understand about cancer and the various risk factors of cancer. Experiences and research findings indicate about such risk factors of cancer as stated below:

Old age:

Old age over 65 years appears to be the principal risk factor for cancer although people of all ages are vulnerable to this deadly disease.

Tobacco:

Tobacco use is associated with the cause of death from cancer. A significant number of people die from cancer each year that is related to tobacco use.

Radiation:

Ionizing radiation such as radiation from outer space, radioactive fallout (accidents at nuclear power plants or production, testing or use of atomic weapons), radon gas (radioactive gas formed in soil and rocks), x-rays and the like can cause cell damage that leads to cancer.  People exposed to radioactive fallout are most vulnerable to the risk of cancer, especially leukemia and cancers of the thyroid, breast, lung, and stomach. People who work in mines may be exposed to random to increase the risk of lung cancer.

 Sunlight:

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation comes from the sun and other sources causes’ early aging of the skin and skin damage that can lead to skin cancer.

Chemicals and other substances:

People involving certain jobs like painters, construction workers, or people who are working in chemical or gas industry are exposed to the risk of getting cancer.

Viruses and bacteria:

The risk of developing cancer increases when infected with certain viruses or bacteria. Specific virus or bacteria produce risks for specific type of cancers. The various types of cancers associated with virus and bacteria include cervical cancer, liver cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, stomach cancer, etc.

Hormones:

Researches indicate that menopausal hormones may increase the risk of breast cancer, heart attack, stroke, or blood clots.

Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight:

Factors like poor diet, lack of enough physical activity or overweight increase the risks of cancer of colon, uterus, prostate, breast, esophagus and kidney.

Alcohol:

The taking of alcohol in overdose continuously for many years may increase the risk of getting cancers of mouth, throat, esophagus, larynx, liver and breast

Family history:

There is a risk that the cancer is passed from parent to child. The new born carries the cancer cells at birth.

General

The above description gives a salient feature of various risk factors of cancer. It is generally intended that everybody concerned should become aware and knowledgeable about cancer and various risk factors of cancer which is a serious threat to human health and safety globally; and take appropriate steps for prevention of cancer as well as treatment of cancer, as and when necessary.

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